Blogging with TWI
Aluminium in Aerospace
Newton Room, Hamilton Centre, Brunel University London on 28 November 2019
The reduction in total-life environmental impact of air travel has been a key performance metric of the aerospace industry for many years and has consistently been improved upon through the optimisation of; materials, manufacturing processes and design. The aerospace industry is, however, facing a significant challenge.
While the focus on reducing environmental impact has dramatically intensified in recent years, the predicted increase in rate of manufacture of next generation single aisle aircraft and the emergence of the Urban Air Mobility (UAM) concept for future travel presents significant challenges to meeting future efficiency goals without significant evolution in; materials, manufacturing methodology and approval processes.
Aluminium is critical to the aerospace industry manufacturing capability and remains central to the industry achieving next generation; efficiency, performance and environmental goals across all future platforms. There is, however, significant potential to expedite the achievement of these goals through; both alloy and manufacturing process optimisation and improved industry/manufacturing/academia collaboration. The Future LiME Hub is dedicated to advancing and facilitating each, and is hosting a free aluminium in aerospace event (with support from ALFED, IOM3 and the ATI) which represents:
An opportunity to:
- understand next generation; conventional, hybrid-electric and E-VTOL/UAM aerospace platform requirements
- gain insight into the UK strategic roadmap for ensuring UK based manufacturing capability to support what are very diverse platform requirements
- explore how the UK; aerospace industry, aluminium industry, manufacturing base and academic institutions can collaborate and innovate to expedite this capability evolution
- improving efficiency through design
- alloy optimisation and development
- total life CO2 reduction and circular economy
- automation/digitisation requirements for next-gen manufacturing environments
- certification/validation streamlining
- cross-industry knowledge transfer
- integration and optimisation of indirect additive manufacturing
- enabling future rate capability
Speakers include representatives from:
- the Future LiME Hub
- the Aerospace Technology Institute / HVM Catapults
- aerospace OEMs
- aerospace Prime and Tier1/2 suppliers
- UK manufacturing base
- UK Light alloy R&D institutions
About the organiser:
The Future LiME Hub is a national centre in liquid metal engineering primarily funded by EPSRC and based at Brunel University London in collaboration with the universities of Oxford, Leeds and Manchester, and Imperial College London. The Hub aims to lay down a solid foundation for full metal circulation by conducting research in physical metallurgy, solidification science and processing technology. For more information please visit www.lime.ac.uk.
The Annual Dinner 2020 – SAVE THE DATE!
We are excited to announce we have confirmed a date for the Annual Dinner 2020, please mark your diaries now for Thursday 22nd October. After such fantastic feedback from this year’s dinner, we will once again be hosting the annual event at the Park Regis hotel, Birmingham.
Check out the comments from this year’s dinner;
“I think the night went well and the view was spectacular!” – Helen Williams, Real Alloy
“Just a quick “Well done!” for hosting a wonderful event! The daytime speakers were excellent and the whole day was very well organised. The evening was brilliant” – Spencer Melia, Aluminium Shapes
Further information regarding our guest speaker and business briefing speakers will be available nearer the time, to reserve your place please contact Events Administrator, Linda Ford and she will ensure your place is reserved! email@example.com.
We hope to see you there!
*Prices to follow
How to Prepare for Brexit: 6 Areas for Businesses to Consider
As you’ve probably heard, Government officials will be giving 1-to-1 Brexit readiness briefings on our stand at the Advanced Engineering Show on 30 and 31 October.
Based on conversations with ALFED members, the wider business community and the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS), the main issues of Brexit confusion for companies are around:
- Importing and exporting
- Employment and travel
- Regulation and compliance
- Personal data use
- Intellectual property
- Access to funding
Here’s some preliminary guidance to help direct your Brexit preparation to-do list and shape the agenda for your 1-to-1 briefing. (You can also use the Government’s Brexit preparation checker tool, which helps identify factors to consider.)
Importing and exporting
To trade with the EU after Brexit, you’ll need a 12-digit EORI number starting with GB. HMRC sent one to all VAT-registered businesses, but it’s worth checking to ensure it’s been received and noted by the right people in your company.
You must also have the right licences and certificates (essential if you import certain classes of goods). Decide whether you will use a customs agent to manage declarations, and plan for transport, VAT and duties.
We recommend watching this HMRC webinar, which covers key import and export topics.
Employment and travel
With freedom of movement ending, you should check staff have the right to work in the UK and travel in the EU countries you do business with. This means reminding employees who are EU nationals to look into the EU Settlement Scheme. And it means checking immigration controls in countries people travel to.
Recognition of professional qualifications will also change after Brexit, so look into the rules for the relevant role and country.
Regulation and compliance
You should consider Brexit implications if you rely on approvals, conformity assessments and quality markings, among other areas.
For example, check your product approvals will still be valid in the EU (the UK will recognise EU ones, but it won’t be mutual). For most products, CE marking will be valid in the UK for a limited time. However, you may need to comply with the new UK Conformity Assessed (UKCA) marking straightaway.
If you deal in construction products, it’s essential you ensure the EU will recognise your third-party conformity assessments. If they’re not held by an EU-recognised body, you won’t be able to sell in member states. Tests held in the UK may not be valid, so prepare now for a new form of marking.
The same goes for UK companies using chemicals, with regards to REACH registration. You may need to open an account on the new UK REACH IT system and register with the HSE to use products from the EU and EEA.
Personal data use
Now that we’ve all recovered from GDPR preparation last year, it’s time to look at personal data again. After Brexit, some companies may not have the right contractual cover to receive personal data from EEA countries.
If you sell someone else’s intellectual property in the EEA, you may require permission to continue after Brexit. (An example would be selling goods with someone else’s trade mark.)
You should also consider your short- and medium-term plans for getting unregistered protection. Before Brexit, you get protection in both the UK and EU when you disclose; after Brexit, you’ll only have protection where it’s first shown.
This video from the UK IPO summarises the situation with unregistered designs. (View videos on how Brexit affects other forms of protection here.)
Access to funding
The Government has guaranteed many different sources of EU funding in the event of a no-deal Brexit. The guarantee covers the project’s lifetime if you’ve successfully bid into EU-funded programmes before the end of 2020. However, it doesn’t automatically cover awards where you’ve bid directly to the European Commission, so check your specific programme.
If you’re a Horizon 2020 grant holder, make sure you register with UK Research & Innovate, which will manage delivery of the Government’s funding guarantee.
Get Brexit planning advice specific to your company
Have a free 1-to-1 Brexit Readiness Briefing with Government officials at the Advanced Engineering Show – and get your questions answered:
No Deal Readiness Report
The content of the No-Deal Brexit Readiness report;
Foreword by the Prime Minister 3
Preface by the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 5
Executive summary 7
1. Borders 13
A: Flow at the Border – Goods 13
B: Cross-Border Transport Operations 22
C: Import Tariffs 25
D: Export Tariffs 29
2. Citizens 32
A: EU Citizens in the UK 34
B: EU Citizens Coming to the UK after Brexit 37
C: UK Nationals in the EU 40
D: UK Nationals Travelling to the EU (Including for Work or Study Purposes) 45
E: Transport 48
F: Tax and Customs for Parcels Sent from Abroad 51
3. Data Protection 52
4. Energy and Environment 56
A: Civil Nuclear 56
B: Electricity and Gas Interconnectors 59
C: Fuel Supplies 61
D: EU Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) and Carbon Emissions Tax 62
E: Environment 65
5. Services 67
A: Service Sectors 67
B: Financial Services 71
C: Legal Services 75
6. Industry 78
A: Manufactured Goods Regulation 78
B: Medical Devices 83
Following the Queen’s Speech, the Environment Bill has been introduced into Parliament
Here is the link to the Bill documents.
The Bill now contains chemicals-related provisions with enabling powers to amend the Articles REACH as it applies in UK law and the REACH Enforcement Regulations. These provisions are clause 122 and Schedule 20 in the Bill. The relevant paragraphs in the Explanatory Notes are 967-969 and 1612-1624, and in the Delegated Powers Memorandum are 511-535.
The REACH Regulation draws a distinction between the Articles and Annexes of the Regulation. As REACH is carried into UK law the Annexes can be amended by the Secretary of State through Statutory Instrument but the Articles cannot generally be amended. However, this risks freezing the UK REACH Regulation in its current form. The power in the Bill will allow the Secretary of State to take further steps where necessary to ensure a smooth transition to a UK chemicals regime following the UK’s exit from the EU. It will also make it possible to keep the legislation up to date and respond to emerging needs or ambitions for the effective management of chemicals.
For example, the Secretary of State may want to amend the detailed operation of the regulatory processes such as evaluation, authorisation and restriction to ensure they remain efficient and effective and respond to the experience of applying them in a UK-only context. The Secretary of State may also want to amend the provisions on independent scientific advice if experience shows that they need to be refined to take account of the fact that they are operate more effectively.
The REACH Exit SI inserted provisions designed to provide a smooth transition into the UK system for existing dutyholders under the EU REACH Regulation. At the same time the policy intention is to preserve the underlying principles of the EU REACH regime, including ensuring a high level of protection of human health and the environment. It is important that it remains possible to amend the transitional provisions to ensure both a smooth transition into the UK REACH system and continued effective management of chemicals for the protection of human health and the environment.
A number of safeguards are included in relation to the exercise of this power. The Secretary of State must publish an explanation of why she considers any amendments to be consistent with Article 1 of REACH (aim and scope). There is also a series of protected provisions which cannot be amended. These relate to the fundamental principles of REACH, the role of the Devolved Administrations, and the transparency of the regime.
The REACH Enforcement Regulations 2008 were made under section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972. However, the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 repeals the European Communities Act. This means that after exit day the only way to amend the Enforcement Regulations will be by providing new powers through primary legislation.
The next stage will be Second Reading in the House of Commons, which is the debate on the main principles of the Bill. We haven’t got a date for that yet but the convention is that there should be a minimum of two weekends between Introduction and 2nd Reading.
Please get in touch with Keith.Bailey@defra.gov.uk if you have further questions.
Centre des congrès de Québec,
Québec City, Canada
The Future Aluminium Forum will return on 25 – 27 May 2020!
Now in its third year, the Forum has established itself as the key event to show case studies, discuss optimisation through machine learning and examine robotics, automation and augmented reality across the value chain.
Hear from experts on:
- The automated casthouse
- Data capturing and handling
- Cyber-security: Prevention and cure
- Implementation & challenges
- Industry 4.0 maintenance
- Additive manufacturing
To find out more and be part of the future, contact:
+44 1737 855115
+44 1737 855027
Digital Manufacturing for Industry 4.0 Conference
20 November 2019
TWI Ltd, Granta Park, Great Abington, Cambridge CB21 6AL
Join TWI for a free one-day event that will focus on Industry 4.0 and its application to joining technologies and wider.
With a focus on real industrial case studies, Industry 4.0 business tools and concepts, this event aims to create a greater awareness of the latest developments, associated opportunities and challenges, plus the chance to network with a wide range of like-minded professionals.
Confirmed speakers so far include:
- David Green – ABB
- Austin Cook, BAE Systems
- Chris White, Ford Motors
- Martin Kelman – ATS
- Chris Allen – Vodafone
- Alexandra Brintrup – IFM-Cambridge University
- Rab Scott – HVMC
- Geoff Melton – TWI Ltd
- Maria Margoudi – Highskills
- Manuel Oliverira – KIT AR
- Nick Wright – Digital Catapult
- Colin McLaughlin – Lancaster University
If you missed the 2018 conference watch the short video from last year’s well-attended event to get a flavour of what to expect. Hear from speakers, delegates, and TWI’s Chris Dungey on digital manufacturing and Industry 4.0.
Upcoming TWI events you may be interested in
The Advanced Manufacturing Park Technology Centre, Advanced Manufacturing Park, Brunel Way, Rotherham S60 5WG
A full programme will be published on our website shortly.
At the beginning of September, the organisation MakeUK, which we used to know as the Engineering Employers Federation, EEF, published a very gloomy forecast for manufacturing, with domestic demand down, orders down, investment plans down and recruitment down. Brexit is, of course, a major concern but trade wars and a shrinking global economy are also factors. Their growth forecast for 2019 for manufacturing is now down to 0.1%.